Painting is such a fun hobby that can relax your mind. There are many types of paintings out there. One of the most popular types of painting is historical painting. Historical painting refers to a painting that is defined by its own subject matter instead of artistic style. It usually depicts a moment in a narrative story as a portrait.

What’s a historical painting?

Historical painting is generally used to define a painting of a scene from the past in its narrower common sense, excluding allegorical, mythological, and religious subjects. The nineteenth history is the most common subject for this type of painting.

The painting typically contains a large number of figures along with actions in a narrative way. It is regarded as the highest form of Western painting, as it is considered as the most prestigious painting genre. The history painting depicts some important stories in mythology, religion, literature, and of course, history. It was very popular in the 19th and 18th centuries.

Historical Painting: Is It Able To Survive?

Historical Painting: Is It Able To Survive?

In fact, history painting is a painting genre, not a painting style. Hence, there have been so many painters working in different traditions over the centuries. Painters who are specializing in this painting genre painted portrait or landscape with a touch of history in their work to raise its admiration a bit. It was always grandiose in intent and large in size. Characters and stories were derived from classical antiquity and the Bible. These types of paintings have a moral to encourage or a lesson to explain. They have featured a high level of symbolism, detail, and mimesis. Also, they occasionally feature intricate compositions with many figures included.

Different types of historical paintings

Based on messages delivered, historical paintings are divided into 5 categories:

  • Mythological painting

The mythological painting represents an illustration of a mythical story, legend, or fable. Common painting themes including gods of Greek such as Aphrodite, Athena, Apollo, Zeus, Hermes, Hera, etc.

  • Religious painting

The painting depicts pictures with religious narratives from various religious backgrounds such as Christian, Catholic, Islamic, Hindu, Jewish, Buddhist, or even tribal religion.

Historical Painting: Is It Able To Survive?

Historical Painting: Is It Able To Survive?

  • Allegorical painting

The term allegory means a story with a hidden meaning. An allegorical painting means a painting that uses people and objects that represents or symbolize other things or people.

  • History painting

This straightforward painting category represents a picture depicting a moment or an event in the past (history). Besides, it also represents a figure who symbolizes a certain message.

  • Literary painting

The literary painting is actually the part of the mythological painting but narrower. The painting consists of narrative painting that’s based on certain themes taken from literature. The painting, in fact, doesn’t involve any mythological stories instead.

Since a historical painting refers to a narrative painting or a painting that can tell a story, it’s hard to know how this painting genre can survive in this modern era.